Ask someone to call 999 and request an ambulance.
If alone, do this on speakerphone. If you cannot make the call immediately, complete the following steps THEN make the call.
Try to locate a local AED whilst waiting for help to arrive. Click here.
Ensure the child’s airway is open and clear by placing one hand on the child's forehead, two fingers under the chin and gently tilting the head back.
Pinch their nose firmly closed.
Take a deep breath and seal your lips around their mouth.
Blow steadily into the mouth until the chest rises.
Remove your mouth and allow the chest to fall
Repeat this four times more.
Now Give 30 chest compressions (step 6)
Lean over the child, with your arm straight, pressing down vertically on the breastbone, and press the chest down by at least one-third of its depth.
Release the pressure without removing your hand from their chest. Allow the chest to come back up fully – this is one compression.
Repeat this 30 times, at a rate of about twice a second.
Now give two rescue breaths.
Place the heel of one hand towards the end of their breastbone, in the centre of their chest, making sure you keep the fingers off the ribs.
REPEAT 30 COMPRESSIONS AND 2 BREATHS UNTIL HELP ARRIVES
If you begin to tire, demonstrate to another adult and ask them to take over.
If the child starts breathing normally again, stop CPR and put them in the recovery position.
What to look for - Asthma attacks
If you think someone is having an asthma attack, these are the five key things to look for:
1. Difficulty breathing or speaking
5. Grey-blue tinge to the lips, earlobes and nailbeds (known as cyanosis).
What you need to do - Asthma attacks
• First, reassure them and ask them to breathe slowly and deeply which will help them control their breathing.
• Then help them use their reliever inhaler straight away. This should relieve the attack.
• Next, sit them down in a comfortable position.
• If it doesn’t get better within a few minutes, it may be a severe attack. Get them to take one or two puffs of their inhaler every two minutes, until they’ve had 10 puffs.
• If the attack is severe and they are getting worse or becoming exhausted, or if this is their first attack, then call 999/112 for an ambulance.
• Help them to keep using their inhaler if they need to. Keep checking their breathing, pulse and level of response.
• If they lose responsiveness at any point, open their airway, check their breathing and prepare to treat someone who’s become unresponsive.